Kinetics of myoglobin release and prediction of myocardial myoglobin depletion after coronary artery reperfusion.
To better define the usefulness of blood myoglobin measurements in evaluating the effectiveness of attempted thrombolysis, we studied the kinetics of myoglobin entry into and removal from the circulation after coronary artery reperfusion and the relation between directly measured depletion of myocardial myoglobin after coronary occlusion and reperfusion and the amount of depletion predicted from plasma myoglobin concentration-time curves. Initially, canine myoglobin was administered to 11 dogs by both bolus injection and 40-minute infusion, and the subsequent disappearance patterns of myoglobin from plasma monitored by radioimmunoassay. A monoexponential regression line (corresponding to a one-compartment model) and a biexponential regression line (corresponding to a two-compartment model) were determined for each set of washout data, the kinetic parameters were calculated, and the goodness of fit of each model was assessed. Results were similar after both methods of myoglobin administration. In five of 11 animals, the one-compartment model described the myoglobin kinetics better; in the other six animals, the two-compartment model was statistically superior, but values for the volume of distribution and elimination rate constant differed by only 10% from the one-compartment estimates. After bolus administration of myoglobin and with a one-compartment model, the volume of distribution of myoglobin was determined to be 1,601 +/- 77 (SEM) ml, representing 6.8 +/- 0.2% of total body weight; the elimination rate constant averaged 0.132 +/- 0.006/min and corresponded to a mean half-time of disappearance of 5.5 +/- 0.2 minutes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association