Diagnostic value of QRST isointegral maps in detecting myocardial infarction complicated by bundle branch block.
The clinical usefulness of QRST isointegral maps (IQRST map) for detecting myocardial infarction that was complicated by intraventricular conduction disturbances was evaluated in patients with right bundle branch block (group RBBB, 64 patients) and left bundle branch block (group LBBB, 40 patients) by comparison with the normal mean IQRST map derived from 50 normal subjects. Myocardial infarction complicated the conduction disturbances in 24 of the 64 RBBB and in 18 of the 40 LBBB patients. A correlation coefficient was used for assessing the similarity of each map pattern with the normal mean IQRST map. The difference map was made by subtracting the average normal IQRST map from each abnormal IQRST map, and those differences that were less than 2 SD from the mean were retained as a significant area. The number of leads and their sum of differences were used to represent the size of the difference map. Correlation coefficients were significantly (p less than 0.001) smaller in patients with bundle branch block complicated by myocardial infarction than in patients with conduction disturbances not complicated by myocardial infarction. A significant area emerged in the difference map in all patients with myocardial infarction complicated by conduction disturbances. The emergence of a significant area revealed high diagnostic accuracy for detecting myocardial infarction in group RBBB (89.1%). The size of a significant area in a difference map was significantly larger in cases with complicated myocardial infarction than in cases with uncomplicated myocardial infarction in either group RBBB or group LBBB (p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association