Influence of mitral valve morphology on double-balloon catheter balloon valvuloplasty in patients with mitral stenosis. Analysis of factors predicting immediate and 3-month results.
To determine if mitral valve morphology influences the results of double-balloon catheter balloon valvuloplasty (CBV) for mitral stenosis, two-dimensional echocardiography was performed in 33 patients before CBV. The two-dimensional echocardiographic features of leaflet motion, leaflet thickness, subvalvular disease, and commissural calcium and 14 pre-CBV clinical and hemodynamic variables were then correlated to the immediately post-CBV mitral valve area (MVA). At 3 months after CBV, the two-dimensional echocardiographic features of patients with a 25% or greater decrease in MVA were analyzed to determine whether mitral valve morphology had influenced early results. Leaflet motion had a significant relation with the immediately post-CBV MVA (r = 0.67, y = 4.5x + 0.29, and SEE = 0.45). Leaflet thickness had a weak and negative relation (r = -0.48, y = -0.17x + 2.6, and SEE = 0.53) with the immediately post-CBV MVA. Subvalvular disease and commissural calcium had no significant relation to the immediately post-CBV MVA. When leaflet motion and leaflet thickness were considered as grades of mild, moderate, and severe and assigned a score of 0-2, patients with more severe disease (total score, 3 or 4) had a significant lower MVA immediately after CBV (1.4 +/- 0.4 cm2) than patients with moderate disease (score, 1-2; MVA, 2.0 +/- 0.5 cm2; p less than 0.05) or mild disease (score, 0; MVA, 2.6 +/- 0.6 cm2; p less than 0.05). In 96% of patients with a total score of 0-2, the immediately post-CBV MVA was more than 1.4 cm2, whereas only 29% of patients with a total score of 3-4 had an immediately post-CBV MVA of more than 1.4 cm2. Analysis of all two-dimensional echocardiographic features showed that leaflet motion score had the strongest influence on the post-CBV MVA (p less than 0.001). When all two-dimensional echocardiographic, clinical, and hemodynamic variables were included, leaflet motion, effective balloon dilating area, and cardiac output were the strongest predictors of the immediate post-CB MVA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association