Exercise training after experimental myocardial infarction increases the ventricular fibrillation threshold before and after the onset of reinfarction in the isolated rat heart.
Previous work has shown that exercise training increases the ventricular fibrillation threshold of the isolated perfused rat heart. The aim of our study was to determine whether exercise training that begins after myocardial infarction can similarly increase the ventricular fibrillation threshold. Rats that had suffered an experimental myocardial infarction were subject to a running training program. Thereafter, the ventricular fibrillation threshold was measured before and after the onset of acute reinfarction induced by a second coronary artery ligation. Ventricular fibrillation thresholds were significantly elevated in trained rats during normoxia (13.7 +/- 2.2 vs. 4.7 +/- 0.8 mA, p less than 0.01) and during acute ischemia (6.8 +/- 1.6 vs. 3.0 +/- 0.7 mA, p less than 0.02). The myocardial cyclic AMP level was lower in the nonischemic zone of the trained hearts (0.21 +/- 0.01 vs. 0.28 +/- 0.01 nmol/g, p less than 0.05), which also had lower cyclic AMP levels after epinephrine challenge (0.50 +/- 0.05 vs. 0.73 +/- 0.09 nmol/g, p less than 0.01; 1.41 +/- 0.11 vs. 1.85 +/- 0.09 nmol/g, p less than 0.02 after epinephrine 10(-7) M and 5 x 10(-6) M injection, trained vs. untrained). Both propranolol 10(-6) M and epinephrine 5 x 10(-7) M attenuated the difference in ventricular fibrillation thresholds before and after second coronary artery ligation and eliminated any difference in cyclic AMP content of both the nonischemic and ischemic myocardial tissue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association