Respiratory and Circulatory Studies of Patients with Mitral Stenosis
Sixteen patients with severe mitral stenosis have been studied by means of cardiac catheterization, ventilatory and respiratory tests. A decrease in the oxygen diffusing capacity and an increase in venous admixture were observed in a majority of the cases. The degree of pulmonary arterial and arteriolar abnormality observed in lung biopsies failed to correlate with the pulmonary arteriolar resistances calculated from the hemodynamic data. It is suggested that reversible vasoconstriction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of the pulmonary hypertension associated with mitral stenosis.
- © 1953 American Heart Association, Inc.