Long-term results of catheter ablation of a posteroseptal accessory atrioventricular connection in 48 patients.
Forty-eight patients with a posteroseptal accessory atrioventricular (AV) connection underwent catheter ablation of the accessory AV connection with 200-400 J shocks delivered by a standard defibrillator. Cathodal shocks were delivered through the proximal pair of electrodes of a 6F quadripolar electrode catheter positioned in the coronary sinus such that the proximal electrodes straddled the ostium (12 patients) or the third electrode from the tip was at the ostium (36 patients). A 16-cm patch electrode positioned on the back or anterior chest served as the anode. Two to 4 shocks were delivered (total, 635 +/- 198 J, mean +/- SD). The cathether ablation procedure was clinically successful in eliminating symptomatic tachycardias in in 32 of 48 patients (67%) during a mean follow-up of 26 +/- 19 months. A long-term follow-up electrophysiology study was performed in 27 of the 32 patients who had a successful clinical outcome, and this showed that conduction through the accessory AV connection was completely absent in 25 patients and present but impaired in two patients. The success rate was significantly higher in patients with a concealed accessory AV connection (13 of 13, 100%) than in patients with manifest preexcitation (19 of 35, 54%; p less than 0.001). Among the 12 patients in whom the proximal electrodes of the ablation catheter straddled the ostium of the coronary sinus, one patient developed cardiac tamponade requiring needle pericardiocentesis; there were no instances of cardiac tamponade among the 36 patients in whom the third electrode from the tip was at the ostium of the coronary sinus. Other complications were AV block requiring a permanent pacemaker and transient atrial tachycardia in one patient each and an asymptomatic pericardial effusion in three patients. In conclusion, with the catheter ablation technique described in this study, a successful clinical outcome may be achieved in approximately two thirds of patients who have a posteroseptal accessory AV connection, and the risk of serious complications is low. This technique is particularly well suited to patients with a concealed posteroseptal accessory AV connection, in whom the success rate is higher than in patients with manifest preexcitation.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association