Follow-up of patients undergoing percutaneous mitral balloon valvotomy. Analysis of factors determining restenosis.
This study reports the clinical follow-up (13 +/- 1 months) of 100 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous mitral balloon valvotomy (PMV). Echocardiographic (n = 32) and cardiac catheterization (n = 37) data from this group are also included. Patients were divided into two groups by an echocardiographic score. PMV resulted in a good hemodynamic result (post-PMV mitral valve area, greater than or equal to 1.5 cm2) in 88% of patients with a score of 8 or less and 44% of patients with a score of more than 8. Eighty-eight percent of patients with a score of 8 or less (n = 57) were New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional Classes III and IV before PMV; at follow-up, 81% were NYHA Class I and 12% were NYHA Class II. There were no deaths; three patients underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR). Ninety-eight percent of patients with a score of more than 8 (n = 43) were NYHA Classes III and IV before PMV; at follow-up, 58% were NYHA Classes I and II. Seven patients who did not improve and were not surgical candidates died 3.8 +/- 1.2 months after PMV. Nine patients who were surgical candidates underwent elective MVR at 4 +/- 0.9 months after PMV. Repeat cardiac catheterization demonstrated restenosis in only one of 27 patients (4%) with a score of 8 or less. Mitral valve area after PMV was 1.9 +/- 0.1 cm2 and at follow-up was 2 +/- 0.1 cm2 (NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association