Synergistic combinations of recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator and human single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator. Effect on thrombolysis and reocclusion in a canine coronary artery thrombosis model with high-grade stenosis.
The synergistic effects of recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA) on coronary arterial thrombolysis were investigated in open-chest dogs with thrombosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery and a superimposed high-grade stenosis. A 90% stenosis was generated by external constriction, reducing blood flow to 40 +/- 10% of baseline. Localized thrombosis was produced by endothelial cell injury and instillation of thrombin and fresh blood. Intravenous infusion for 60 minutes of either 30 micrograms/kg/min rt-PA alone or 10 micrograms/kg/min scu-PA alone consistently produced coronary artery recanalization (six of eight dogs and five of five dogs, respectively) but was almost always associated with reocclusion during or shortly after the end of the infusion (four of six dogs and five of five dogs, respectively). Infusion of either 15 micrograms/kg/min rt-PA or 5 micrograms/kg/min scu-PA for 60 minutes did not cause coronary artery recanalization (none of four dogs in each group). Combined infusion of 7.5 micrograms/kg/min rt-PA and 2.5 micrograms/kg/min scu-PA for 60 minutes (one fourth of the minimum thrombolytic dose of each agent) induced coronary artery recanalization (six of six dogs) but was also associated with early reocclusion (six of six dogs). Combined infusion of 3.75 micrograms/kg/min rt-PA and 1.25 micrograms/kg/min scu-PA for 60 minutes did not consistently cause recanalization (one of four dogs). Combined infusion of 15 micrograms/kg/min rt-PA and 5 micrograms/kg/min scu-PA for 60 minutes caused recanalization in all of six dogs but was associated with reocclusion in all six.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association