Rapid reduction of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide levels during percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy in patients with mitral stenosis.
To clarify the direct contribution of the left atrial pressure to secretion of human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP), we have attempted to study the relations between plasma hANP levels, neurohumoral factors, and hemodynamic changes in 13 patients with mitral stenosis undergoing percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC). After PTMC, the left atrial pressure fell from 14.7 +/- 1.9 (mean +/- SEM) to 6.5 +/- 0.7 mm Hg in all patients studied (p less than 0.0005), whereas there were no remarkable changes in either the right atrial pressure, mean arterial pressure, or heart rate. Plasma immunoreactive hANP levels obtained from the pulmonary artery decreased from 278 +/- 51 to 137 +/- 31 pg/ml after PTMC (p less than 0.0005). There was a significant correlation between the decrement of hANP levels and that of left atrial pressure (r = 0.72, p less than 0.005). Neither plasma renin activity nor norepinephrine levels changed. In contrast, plasma aldosterone concentrations significantly increased from 11.3 +/- 1.5 to 16.4 +/- 2.7 pg/ml after PTMC (p less than 0.01), although there was no casual relation between plasma concentrations of aldosterone and hANP. The present result with PTMC-induced rapid fall of the left atrial pressure with a concomitant reduction in hANP secretion strongly suggests the importance of the left atrial pressure on hANP secretion in humans.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association