Noninvasive quantitation of regional myocardial oxygen consumption in vivo with [1-11C]acetate and dynamic positron emission tomography.
The usefulness of [1-11C]acetate as a tracer of overall myocardial oxidative metabolism for use with positron emission tomography has been investigated in 12 closed-chest dogs. Myocardial 11C activity clearance kinetics after intravenous administration of [1-11C]acetate in dogs have been determined noninvasively by positron emission tomography. Biexponential fitting of regional myocardial 11C time-activity curves was performed to give clearance half-times and fractional distribution. The rate constant k1 for the early rapid phase of 11C activity clearance was found to correlate linearly with myocardial oxygen consumption (y = 0.0156x + 0.039; SEE = 0.023; r = 0.95). k1 was approximately 7% lower in septal sectors compared with the left ventricular free wall, suggesting that regional oxygen consumption in the septum was lower; a concomitant regional attenuation of blood flow in the septum relative to the left ventricular free wall was also observed. In dogs using carbohydrates as the predominant fuel, k1 oxygen consumption was somewhat more than in dogs using predominantly free fatty acids (0.021 +/- 0.002 compared with 0.018 +/- 0.002, p less than 0.01), indicating that increased carbohydrate consumption is associated with a small increase in k1 at constant oxygen consumption. It is concluded that measurement of myocardial [1-11C]acetate kinetics allows noninvasive determination of cardiac oxygen consumption by positron emission tomography and that the technique is relatively insensitive to myocardial fuel selection.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association