Diurnal variation of tissue-type plasminogen activator and its rapid inhibitor (PAI-1).
Previous studies have shown that overall fibrinolytic activity in blood follows a diurnal rhythm with a peak in the morning and a trough in the evening. The purpose of this study was to determine which fibrinolytic factor(s) was responsible for this diurnal rhythm. Resting and postvenous occlusion tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity, resting t-PA antigen, and resting plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) activity were measured in the morning and evening in 33 healthy men (mean age, 31 years) and in 15 patients (mean age, 57 years) with previous myocardial infarction or unstable angina. PAI-1 activity and t-PA antigen were significantly higher (p less than 0.01) in the morning compared with the evening in controls and patients. In contrast, resting t-PA activity was significantly lower in the morning (p less than 0.01) in both groups and was inversely correlated with PAI-1 activity (r = -0.57, p less than 0.0001). Postvenous occlusion t-PA activity and t-PA capacity were not significantly different between morning and evening in either group. Because t-PA antigen levels and PAI-1 activity were highest in the morning, the variation in t-PA activity was probably not due to decreased secretion of t-PA but instead to changes in the secretion of PAI-1. Our findings indicate that diurnal variations in PAI-1 activity may reduce fibrinolytic activity in the morning in healthy individuals and in patients with coronary artery disease.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association