Alpha-adrenergic receptor stimulation during simulated ischemia and reperfusion in canine cardiac Purkinje fibers.
We studied the effects of alpha-adrenergic receptor stimulation and calcium on automaticity of isolated canine Purkinje fibers during simulated ischemia and reperfusion. Ischemia included acidosis (pH 6.7), hypoxia (PO2 = 10-25 mm Hg), hyperkalemia (10 mM K+), and either normal or elevated [Ca2+]o (2.7 or 10.8 mM). Control automatic rate and maximum diastolic potential were 18 +/- 2 beats/min and -94 +/- 1 mV, respectively. Simulated ischemia led to depolarization (to -60 +/- 1 mV), cessation of normal automaticity, and in 21% of fibers, bursts of an abnormal automatic rhythm. Phenylephrine, 5 X 10(-8) M, increased the incidence of the automatic rhythm during ischemia to 44%; this effect was blocked by prazosin but not by propranolol. During reperfusion after simulated ischemia at 2.7 mM [Ca2+]o, automatic rhythm and maximum diastolic potential returned toward control values; after simulated ischemia at 10.8 mM [Ca2+]o, automatic rates were greater than those seen after normal Ca2+ ischemia and were associated with sustained membrane depolarization. Phenylephrine (5 X 10(-8) M) at 2.7 mM [Ca2+]o rapidly restored membrane potential during reperfusion, an effect that was blocked by prazosin. At 10.8 mM [Ca2+]o, phenylephrine also restored membrane potential during reperfusion and blunted the increase in reperfusion rate induced by high [Ca2+]o alone. These effects were blocked by propranolol but not by prazosin. Our results show that the effects of phenylephrine on automatic rhythms during simulated ischemia are blocked by alpha-adrenergic receptor antagonists and that rhythms occurring during reperfusion have alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor components.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association