Hormonal and renal effects of atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with secondary hypertension.
To investigate the involvement of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in secondary hypertension, we examined hormonal and renal responses to ANP infusion (0.025 microgram/kg/min) in 27 patients with renal parenchymal hypertension, 10 with primary aldosteronism, 8 with renovascular hypertension, and 15 normotensive subjects. The preinfusion plasma concentration of ANP was significantly higher in patients with renal parenchymal hypertension (120 pg/ml, p less than 0.01) and in patients with primary aldosteronism (98 pg/ml, p less than 0.05) than in the normotensive subjects (40 pg/ml), but it was not greater than in the patients with renovascular hypertension (73 pg/ml, NS). In the patients with renal parenchymal hypertension, plasma ANP correlated negatively with creatinine clearance (r = -0.76, p less than 0.001). Mean blood pressure (-5%, p less than 0.01) and plasma aldosterone (-40%, p less than 0.001) decreased to a similar degree in the four groups during ANP infusion. However, an increase in urinary sodium excretion caused by ANP was higher in the hypertensive than in the normotensive patients (+250% vs. +70%, p less than 0.01) and correlated positively with mean blood pressure during ANP infusion (r = 0.47, p less than 0.001). The removal of adenomas in the patients with primary aldosteronism significantly lowered both plasma levels of ANP and cyclic guanosine 2',3'-monophosphate and reduced an increase in sodium excretion during ANP infusion, whereas the responses of blood pressure and plasma aldosterone to ANP infusion were not altered by the operation. Thus, these results suggest that elevated ANP secretion and increased natriuretic responses to ANP may modify the blood pressure and body fluid volume status in some types of secondary hypertension.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association