Exercise-induced hypotension in a male population. Criteria, causes, and prognosis.
The objective of this study was to demonstrate the causes, optimal definition, and predictive value of exercise-induced hypotension occurring during treadmill testing. This study included all patients referred for clinical reasons to the Long Beach Veterans Administration Medical Center treadmill laboratory and then followed for a 2-year period for cardiac events. The population consisted of 2,036 patients who underwent testing from April 4, 1984, to May 7, 1987, 131 of whom exhibited exercise-induced hypotension (6.4%). We found that exercise-induced hypotension is usually related to myocardial ischemia or myocardial infarction, is best defined as a drop in systolic blood pressure during exercise below the standing preexercise value, and indicates a significantly increased risk for cardiac events (3.2-fold, p less than 0.005). This increased risk was not found in those having no previous myocardial infarction or no signs or symptoms of ischemia during the exercise test, and the increased risk was also not found in those undergoing a treadmill test within 3 weeks after a myocardial infarction. Exercise-induced hypotension appeared to be reversed by revascularization procedures, but confirmation of a beneficial effect on survival requires a randomized trial. The clinical importance of this study is that we have demonstrated that a drop in systolic blood pressure below standing preexercise values during treadmill testing indicates an increased risk for cardiac events except in certain subsets of patients.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association