Prediction of defibrillation success from a single defibrillation threshold measurement with sequential pulses and two current pathways in humans.
The ultimate aim of defibrillation testing is to predict consistent defibrillation. This study tested the hypothesis that defibrillation success could be predicted from a single measurement of defibrillation threshold. We measured defibrillation threshold by using three patch electrodes and a standard protocol intraoperatively in 49 patients undergoing arrhythmia surgery. Each patient was then assigned to one of five energy subgroups (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, or 2.5 times defibrillation threshold) for a single shock (followed by a rescue shock if necessary) for a subsequent ventricular fibrillation episode. A curve relating percent success to energy was then constructed for the group. Defibrillation threshold averaged 4.7 +/- 2.98 J for the group (mean +/- SD). There was a curvilinear relation between the energy of the defibrillation threshold ratio test shock and percent success: 33.3%, 58.3%, 81.8%, 91.7%, and 100% at mean defibrillation threshold ratios of 0.56 +/- 0.14, 1.02 +/- 0.07, 1.53 +/- 0.14, 1.88 +/- 0.09, and 2.60 +/- 0.14, respectively. We conclude that consistent defibrillation is predictable from a single measurement of defibrillation threshold. Furthermore, for an individual patient, a safety margin of 2.6 times defibrillation threshold should approximate 100% successful defibrillation for a single test shock.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association