Baroreflex sensitivity, clinical correlates, and cardiovascular mortality among patients with a first myocardial infarction. A prospective study.
Experimental studies have shown that among dogs with a healed myocardial infarction, depressed baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) identifies a subgroup at higher risk for sudden death. We have examined the relation among BRS, several clinical cardiovascular variables, and subsequent mortality in 78 patients below the age of 65 years who have had a first myocardial infarction. BRS was assessed by calculating the regression line relating phenylephrine-induced increases in systolic blood pressure to the attendant changes in the RR interval. A reduced BRS primarily reflects an impairment in the vagal efferent component of the baroreceptor reflexes. The BRS of the entire population was 7.8 +/- 4.9 msec/mm Hg. BRS was lower among patients with an inferior myocardial infarction (6.1 +/- 3.3 vs. 8.9 +/- 5.8 msec/mm Hg, p = 0.03), with a three- versus a one-vessel disease (4.8 +/- 2.7 vs. 7.1 +/- 3.1 msec/mm Hg, p = 0.04), and with episodes of ventricular tachycardia (5.1 +/- 3.0 vs. 8.3 +/- 5.1, p = 0.03). There was no correlation between BRS and left ventricular ejection fraction or with mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure at peak exercise, but a correlation (r = 0.35, p less than 0.001) was present with exercise tolerance. During the 24 months mean follow-up period, there were six cardiovascular deaths (7.6%), and four were sudden.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association