Metabolic response to prolonged reduction of myocardial blood flow distal to a severe coronary artery stenosis.
Limited data are available concerning the effects of mild-to-moderate, sustained reductions of coronary blood flow on myocardial aerobic metabolism. This study tested the hypothesis that a sustained flow reduction distal to a severe coronary artery stenosis may be well tolerated (after the initial insult is passed) because of gradual improvement in the balance between myocardial oxygen supply and demand. Studies were performed in eight sedated, closed-chest domestic swine that were instrumented with an artificial coronary arterial stenosis (80% diameter reduction). Hemodynamics, regional myocardial blood flow and oxygen, lactate, acid, and base metabolism were measured before stenosis and at 5, 20, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after stenosis insertion. Regional myocardial function (ultrasonic length sensors) was measured serially during 2 hours in three additional swine. After stenosis placement, endocardial and transmural flows declined (p less than 0.05) compared with flows before stenosis (from 1.54 +/- 0.37 to 0.73 +/- 0.24 ml/min/g [mean +/- SD] and from 1.44 +/- 0.31 to 1.19 +/- 0.25 ml/min/g, respectively). Thereafter, flows remained unchanged for the duration of the study. Similarly, prestenosis heart rate (135 +/- 7 beats/min), aortic mean pressure (113 +/- 17 mm Hg), and tension time index (27.1 +/- 3.6 mm Hg.sec) remained constant for the duration of the study. In contrast, regional coronary venous pH declined (p less than 0.05) compared with prestenosis levels (7.35 +/- 0.02) 5 minutes after stenosis (7.28 +/- 0.04), but it returned to prestenosis levels during the next hour. Regional coronary venous PCO2 exhibited a similar pattern (i.e., acute increase during poststenosis with gradual return to prestenosis levels).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association