Comparison of individual and combined effects of procainamide and amiodarone in patients with sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias.
To compare the individual and combined electrophysiological effects of amiodarone and procainamide, 35 patients with sustained ventricular arrhythmias underwent programmed stimulation in the control state, after procainamide (mean concentration, 8.7 +/- 2.8 micrograms/ml), after 13 +/- 2 days of amiodarone (1,400 mg/day x 7 days, then 400 mg/day), and after amiodarone with procainamide (mean procainamide concentration, 7.8 +/- 2.2 micrograms/ml). Sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) was inducible in all 35 patients during treatment with procainamide alone and with amiodarone alone. Procainamide and amiodarone similarly increased the VT cycle length (+68 vs. +61 msec), the corrected QT interval (+63 vs. +49 msec), and the ventricular effective refractory period measured at paced cycle lengths of 600-550 msec (+23 vs. +21 msec) and 400 msec (+25 vs. +23 msec). Procainamide had a more pronounced effect on QRS duration than amiodarone during sinus rhythm (+18 vs. +8 msec, p less than 0.01) and during paced cycle lengths of 600-550 msec (+32 vs. +23 msec, p less than 0.01) and 400 msec (+37 vs. +28 msec, p less than 0.1) but a similar effect on the QRS duration during VT (+32 vs. +29 msec). During combination therapy, VT initiation was prevented in only two (6%) patients. The combination therapy produced a greater increase (p less than 0.001) than individual therapy in all the electrophysiological intervals assessed, with the exception of the sinus cycle length. On each drug regimen, a cycle length-dependent increase (p less than 0.05) in paced QRS duration was noted (400 more than 600-550 msec).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association