No reflow and extent of infarction during maximal vasodilation in the porcine heart.
To explore the relation between myocardial and vascular injury in the generation of the no-reflow phenomenon, the pressure-flow relation during maximal vasodilation after coronary artery reperfusion was studied in the open-chest porcine model. During both endogenous and maximal vasodilation with intracoronary adenosine, pressure-flow (P/Q) plots were constructed before and after 20-minute (n = 9) or 40-minute (n = 17) circumflex artery occlusions. Decreases in circumflex vascular bed conductance were represented by downward shifts in P/Q plot regression lines. No significant change occurred in P/Q line slope or pressure at zero flow 30 minutes after release of the 20-minute occlusion, and no infarction was found. After release of the 40-minute occlusion, a small but insignificant decrease in P/Q line slope occurred during endogenous vasodilation. However, during maximal vasodilation, a significant (p less than 0.01) decrease in P/Q line slope was present during reperfusion compared with preocclusion corresponding to a decrease in vasodilatory reserve (P/Q line slope = 1.52 +/- 0.14 ml/min/mm Hg preocclusion vs. 1.03 +/- 0.13 at 15 minutes reperfusion). Pretreatment with aspirin did not prevent this decrease in vascular conductance during maximal vasodilation. Total circumflex, as well as subendocardial, midmyocardial, and subepicardial blood flows, was measured with radioactive microspheres. There was a good correlation between the extent of infarction measured by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining and the decrease in vascular conductance during maximal vasodilation for all three myocardial layers as well as for the total circumflex vascular bed. Hence, the degree of no-reflow correlates closely with the extent of infarction during maximal vasodilation (but not during endogenous vasodilation) and is not altered by aspirin therapy.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association