Pathological features of coronary arteries in children with Kawasaki disease in which coronary arterial aneurysm was absent at autopsy. Quantitative analysis.
Coronary arteries in six children who had Kawasaki disease but lacked coronary arterial aneurysms were examined. Four children died of myocarditis at the acute stage, and two children died of bacterial sepsis or as a result of an occurrence during cineangiography at the healed stage. Twenty-one children without Kawasaki disease were examined as controls. The six children with Kawasaki disease had no thrombi, recanalization, or stenosis greater than 50% in the major coronary arteries. Three patients had dilatation of the major coronary arteries at the acute stage. Two of the three patients died during the acute stage, and autopsy showed slight dilatation of coronary arteries and abnormal intimal thickening due to panvasculitis. In the third child, who died at the healed stage, dilatation of the coronary arteries detected by two-dimensional echocardiography at the acute stage had disappeared at the healed stage. No dilatation of the major coronary arteries was seen at autopsy. However, abnormal fibrous intimal thickening of the major coronary arteries without inflammatory changes was found. The other three patients had no dilatation of the major coronary arteries at the acute stage. Two patients died at the acute stage, and slight inflammation without abnormal intimal thickening was seen in the intima and the adventitial area. In the third patient, who died during the healed stage, two-dimensional echocardiography revealed no dilatation during the clinical course, and there was no inflammatory changes or abnormal intimal thickening at autopsy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association