Human right ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relation defined by maximal elastance.
This study was undertaken to determine 1) whether a combined radionuclide-hemodynamic technique could define the right ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relation (RV ESPVR) in the clinical setting, 2) whether the human RV ESPVR defined by maximal elastance is linear and responsive to inotropic interventions, and 3) whether more easily measured modifications of the ESPVR are reliable substitutes as an index of RV function. Eight patients with normal RV function were studied with simultaneous micromanometer RV pressure measurements and radionuclide ventriculography to construct RV pressure-volume loops. Data were collected at baseline and after at least two alterations in loading conditions with nitroglycerin, phenylephrine, or saline. End systole was defined by maximal elastance (E(t) = P(t)/[V(t) - V0]). Data were also obtained during administration of dobutamine in four patients and after atrial pacing tachycardia in one patient. The RV ESPVR defined by maximal elastance was highly linear (r = 0.988-0.999) throughout the range of pressures and volumes tested. Furthermore, the linear correlations were significantly higher (p less than 0.005), and the linear regression standard error of the estimate (SEE) was significantly lower (p less than 0.005) for the RV ESPVR defined by maximal elastance compared with modifications of the ESPVR with the ratio of pulmonary artery-dicrotic notch pressure or RV peak pressure to end-ejection volume. Dobutamine or atrial pacing tachycardia produced a leftward shift of the entire RV pressure-volume loop, and in each patient (five of five), the point of maximal elastance fell outside the 95% confidence interval defined by the baseline ESPVR. However, because of the larger SEE, the leftward shift with modifications of the ESPVR was not statistically significant in any patient by the pulmonary artery-dicrotic notch pressure: end-ejection volume ratio and was significant in only one of five patients by the RV peak pressure: end-ejection volume ratio (p less than 0.03). Therefore, it appears that the steady-state RV ESPVR defined by maximal elastance in patients with normal RV function is responsive to alterations in inotropic state and is more sensitive to alterations in RV function than the frequently used, more easily measured modifications of the RV ESPVR.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association