Relation of cardiac surface QRST distributions to ventricular fibrillation threshold in dogs.
The relation between ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) and cardiac surface QRST area distributions was studied in eight pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. Unipolar epicardial electrograms were recorded from 64 sites evenly distributed on the right and left ventricles. Localized areas of short repolarization properties were produced by directing five intensities of light onto the surface of the anterior right ventricle through apertures of three sizes. VFT, measured at the center of the lesion, decreased during warming and had a high negative correlation to the change (warming-control) in QRST area (delta QRST1) in the electrogram recorded from the center of the lesion. This correlation was independent of lesion size. For the six experiments, the correlation coefficients for 400-, 800-, and 1,600-mm2 lesions averaged -0.95, -0.94, and -0.96, respectively. The correlation between VFT and delta QRST1 without regard to lesion size averaged -0.88. VFT also had a negative correlation to root mean square (RMS)delta QRST because of warming. RMS delta QRST was calculated from the change in QRST areas (warming-control) in all 64 electrograms. The correlation between VFT and RMS delta QRST was dependent on lesion size. For all experiments, the correlation between VFT and RMS delta QRST averaged -0.97, -0.93, and -0.93 for 400-, 800-, and 1,600-mm2 lesions, respectively. The correlation between VFT and RMS delta QRST without regard to lesion size, however, was considerably lower, -0.59. The results of this study provide the first direct evidence that VFT is correlated with cardiac surface QRST area distributions.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association