Criteria for two-staged arterial switch operation for simple transposition of great arteries.
We analyzed hemodynamic variables in patients with transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum (simple transposition) after pulmonary artery banding and Blalock-Taussig anastomosis to establish the criteria for two-staged arterial switch operation. The study included 35 patients who underwent the switch operation after banding and anastomosis; two died shortly after surgery, and one died of tachycardia 31 days after the operation. The left-to-right ventricular pressure ratio was above 0.83 in all surviving patients, 0.68 and 0.63 in the two operative deaths, and 0.84 in the other death. In the 32 surviving patients, angiographically determined left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume and ejection fraction averaged 147 +/- 46(SD)% of normal and 0.64 +/- 0.12, respectively. We also measured LV mass using angiographic LV semiaxes and end-diastolic LV posterior wall thickness obtained from an echocardiogram. These variables of the patients who died were not different from those of the surviving patients. The wall thickness was greater than 4 mm in the surviving patients, while it was 3.5 mm in the two patients who died early and 5 mm in the patient who died later. From the semiaxes, the wall thickness, and aortic diastolic pressure, all of which were obtained before the anatomic repair, we calculated the predictive LV wall stress. This wall stress would indicate the LV wall stress at the time of aortic valve opening immediately after the arterial switch operation. Predictive wall stress was less than 120 x 10(3) dynes/cm2 in all but one of the surviving patients, whereas it was 151, 153, and 186 x 10(3) dynes/cm2 in the three patients who died.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association