Vasodilatation by calcitonin gene-related peptide and by substance P: a comparison of their effects on resistance and capacitance vessels of human forearms.
A comparison has been made of the effects of the potent vasodilating peptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) on resistance and capacitance vessels of normal subjects. Brachial artery infusion of 1.25 to 10 pmol/min CGRP and of 0.25 to 1.5 pmol/min SP produced maximal increases in forearm blood flow (177 +/- 75% and 198 +/- 50%, respectively), as measured by venous occlusion plethysmography. The vasodilation due to CGRP was prolonged, with a half-life of biological effect of approximately 18 min, while that due to SP was of short duration, with a half-life of biological effect of approximately 15 sec. There was rapid development of tachyphylaxis to the effects of arterial infusion of SP, but not of CGRP, during a prolonged infusion at one dose. CGRP did not alter the diameter of a superficial hand vein, either at rest or when the vein was constricted by a simultaneous infusion of norepinephrine or by the single deep breath reflex. In contrast, SP caused dilatation of veins preconstricted with norepinephrine, although the effect was only transient and dose-response curves could not be constructed. The venoconstrictor response to a single deep breath was abolished by SP. Simultaneous arterial infusion of both peptides produced at least additive, and possibly synergistic, effects on forearm blood flow. We propose that both CGRP and SP have a role in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle tone.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association