Prevention of postischemic ventricular fibrillation late after right or left stellate ganglionectomy in dogs.
To gain insight into the differences in antiarrhythmic potential of right vs left stellate ganglionectomy, 72 dogs were randomized to either unilateral stellectomy or second intercostal space thoracotomy and left circumflex coronary arteriovenous pedicle occlusion was performed, without vagotomy, a mean of 8 weeks later under anesthesia. The type and timing of ventricular ectopic beats, including both nonsustained and sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, were investigated. Several covariates, including postischemic electrocardiographic changes, were considered. Both right and left stellate ganglionectomy reduced the incidence of early (0 to 10 min) (p = .004 and p = .001, respectively) and total (0 to 60 min) (p = .009 and p = .008, respectively) ischemia-induced ventricular fibrillation, and improved outcome (p = .0013 and p = .0012, respectively). Early sustained ventricular tachycardia was similarly reduced (p = .02) in both stellectomized groups. By contrast, neither the type nor the time distribution of the other forms of ventricular arrhythmias differed significantly among the randomized groups. The multivariate Cox's regression model showed that ST segment elevation at 3 min postocclusion, unilateral stellate ganglionectomy (either right or left), sex, and weight were significant independent predictors of the incidence of ventricular fibrillation during the occlusion period. Lower ST segment elevation and reduced incidence of sustained ventricular tachycardia in the early postischemic period might explain improved outcome in stellectomized dogs by Cox analysis. The side of intervention (either stellectomy or sham operation) did not influence survival; however, left-sided interventions were more effective than right-sided ones. These results confirm the previously reported antifibrillatory effect of left and indicate like effects of right stellate ganglionectomy in a randomized experimental study.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association