Clinical outcome 5 years after attempted percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in 427 patients.
This study was performed to define the 5 year clinical status of 427 patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in 1981. Their mean age was 54 +/- 10 years (+/- 1 SD). Sixty-one percent had unstable angina, 23% had prior myocardial infarction, 86% had one-vessel disease, and 92% had normal left ventricular function. Sixty-seven percent of patients had left anterior descending artery stenosis. Angiographic success was achieved in 84% of patients. Coronary bypass surgery was required in 9.6% of patients, in 5.9% as an emergency procedure. There were no in-hospital deaths. Follow-up at 5 years was 100% complete. There were 15 late deaths (96.3 +/- 1.0% survival), including seven of cardiac cause (98.1 +/- 0.7% cardiac survival). Myocardial infarction occurred in 24 patients (94% freedom from myocardial infarction), coronary bypass surgery was required in 63 (84% freedom from bypass surgery), and 365 patients (85%) were asymptomatic at follow-up. At 5 years, 83 patients (20%) had required an additional PTCA. Unstable angina pectoris and proximal left anterior descending coronary artery stenoses were present in 162 patients. The overall survival and cardiac survival in this subset was 94.4 +/- 1.8% and 98.1 +/- 1.1%, respectively. The excellent survival and low event rates over 5 years in this population support the concept that PTCA is safe and effective for patients with symptomatic angina pectoris, single-vessel disease, and normal left ventricular function.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association