Electrogram patterns predicting successful catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia.
Ventricular tachycardia in patients with remote myocardial infarction is thought to be due to reentry. To improve the efficacy of catheter ablation, we sought to identify electrograms identifying essential components of the reentrant circuit. In this study we compared the efficacy of shocks delivered at sites of early ventricular activation during tachycardia (presumably exit sites from the reentrant circuit) with that of shocks delivered at sites recording mid-diastolic potentials that were not continuous with the main ventricular potential recorded during the QRS complex, but that always remained associated with the tachycardia during initiation, termination, and resetting with extrastimuli (presumably activation of a segment of the slowly conducting region of the reentrant circuit). A total of 20 attempts was made to ablate 14 monomorphic ventricular tachycardias in 10 patients with remote myocardial infarction with use of one to five shocks of 50 to 370 J (200 J in 70%). All seven tachycardias in which isolated mid-diastolic potentials were targeted were successfully ablated, although one required a second attempt. Twelve attempts were made to ablate seven tachycardias by delivering shocks at sites of early activation during tachycardia when mid-diastolic potentials were not identified. Only three attempts (25%) were successful. Activation preceded the QRS complex by 60, 85, and 120 msec in the three successful attempts and by 20 to 110 msec (median 55 msec) in the nine unsuccessful attempts. For the total 20 attempts, there was no significant difference between successful and nonsuccessful ablation in the number of shocks or total energy delivered.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association