Direct myocardial and coronary effects of enalaprilat in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy: assessment by a bilateral intracoronary infusion technique.
Angiotensin II elicits contractile responses in the coronary arteries and myocardial tissue, which suggests that blockade of the renin-angiotensin system by specific agents should lead to both coronary vasodilation and an alteration of left ventricular inotropism. The present work was designed to delineate--independently from its systemic effects--the intrinsic actions of an angiotensin converting-enzyme inhibitor on the coronary circulation and left ventricular function. To minimize peripheral effects, a bilateral intracoronary infusion of enalaprilat (0.05 mg.min-1, 1 ml.min-1 in each coronary artery) was performed in 16 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. All patients had normal coronary arteriograms. In 12 patients (group I) the intracoronary infusion of enalaprilat resulted in minimal peripheral changes, with a 5% reduction in the mean aortic pressure (p less than .05) and no significant alteration in indexes of preload, i.e., left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and volume, or of afterload, i.e., left ventricular end-systolic stress and systemic resistances. Myocardial oxygen consumption was also unaffected by the intracoronary infusion of enalaprilat. Coronary vasodilation was demonstrated by a significant elevation of coronary sinus blood flow (+19%, from 181 +/- 73 to 214 +/- 79 ml.min-1, p less than .001) and a reduction of coronary resistance (-18%, from 0.51 +/- 0.17 to 0.41 +/- 0.15 mm Hg.ml-1.min, p less than .001), with a parallel increase in coronary sinus oxygen content and pressure (both p less than .05). Oxygen extraction by the myocardium was reduced (p less than .01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association