Videodensitometric analysis of human coronary stenoses: validation in vivo by intraoperative high-frequency epicardial echocardiography.
Videodensitometry is a nongeometric method of coronary angiographic analysis that can be used to provide an index of coronary luminal area. However, there are few direct studies in vivo of the relationship of videodensitometric data to independent measures of luminal area in humans. Although videodensitometry is theoretically independent of angiographic projection and luminal shape, validation of these assumptions in vivo is also limited. We therefore used intraoperative high-frequency epicardial echocardiography, a technique that can directly determine human coronary luminal area and shape in vivo, to further validate videodensitometry. A total of 36 arterial segments in the left anterior descending and right coronary arteries were studied by videodensitometry and high-frequency echocardiography. Videodensitometry was performed on angiograms in which the arterial segment of interest was not markedly foreshortened and was uniformly filled with contrast. In 22 discrete lesions (13 with circular lumens and nine with oval or complex lumens), videodensitometric and echocardiographic measures of luminal area correlated well (r = .86). In 33 coronary arterial segments, the effect of angiographic projection on videodensitometry was determined by comparison of the results of videodensitometry performed on left anterior oblique vs right anterior oblique angiograms of the segments. Here too, the correlation was good (r = .94, y = 1.04x + 0.002). The good correlation of left anterior oblique with right anterior oblique videodensitometric results held true for lesions with circular and oval or complex lumens. This study further validates the ability of videodensitometry to provide an index of coronary luminal area and confirms in vivo previous assumptions that the results of videodensitometric analysis are independent of angiographic projection and luminal shape.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association