Doppler mapping of postoperative left atrioventricular valve regurgitation.
Left atrioventricular valve regurgitation often occurs as a postoperative hemodynamic complication from repair of an atrioventricular septal defect. In this study, cross-sectional two-dimensional Doppler flow mapping of the left atrium was used to quantify postoperative regurgitant flow in 29 patients. Its severity and location was related to the shape of the three leaflets of the left component of the atrioventricular valve, especially to the size of the mural leaflet. To identify which leaflet configuration was likely to cause regurgitation, the position of the leaflets was obtained from the parasternal short-axis view and the angular size of the mural leaflet expressed in degrees of an arc. Doppler mapping was performed in the apical four-chamber and the parasternal long-axis views, dividing the left atrium in nine squares in each. Regurgitation was defined as a jetlike systolic downstroke of the Doppler frequency shift in early systole. The angular size of the mural leaflet varied from 38 to 144 degrees (mean 86 +/- 36 SD). Massive regurgitation (six to nine sites) was encountered in seven patients, five with a mural leaflet size of over 110 degrees, one with mural leaflet size between 70 and 110 degrees, and one with a mural leaflet size of under 70 degrees. No or minimal regurgitation was encountered in 10 patients, three having a mural leaflet size of 70 to 110 degrees and seven with a mural leaflet size of less than 70 degrees. These data suggest that massive regurgitation is encountered in patients with large mural leaflets, whereas patients with smaller mural leaflets tend to have no or mild regurgitation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association