Time-dependent change in electrophysiologic milieu after myocardial infarction in conscious dogs.
This study was designed to assess the time-dependent change in propensity to induction of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmia after myocardial infarction. Instrumented conscious dogs were assessed during serial drug-free electrophysiologic studies over 26 +/- 9 days (range 17 to 35 days) after 2 hr occlusion-reperfusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Of the 19 animals studied, 11 continued to have sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias inducible (group I) over this time period. In the eight remaining animals, spontaneous loss in the ability to induce sustained ventricular tachycardia occurred (group II). Myocardial infarct size in group I animals (18 +/- 8%) was significantly greater than that in group II dogs (12.5 +/- 5%; p less than .05). Even in group I animals, time-dependent changes occurred in the number of extrastimuli required to induce ventricular tachycardia and the frequency with which left ventricular stimulation was necessary. A differential pattern of time-dependent changes in electrophysiologic variables was observed when comparing group I and II animals. The conduction time to the infarct zone was prolonged during follow-up in group I animals, while in group II animals this variable was unchanged. Repolarization time recorded in the border zone remained unchanged in group I animals, but it was significantly shortened in group II animals. In addition, ventricular effective refractory period in the infarct zone shortened over time in group I animals but did not change in group II animals. In conclusion, time-dependent changes occur in electrophysiologic variables that are associated with a progressive decrease in propensity to induction of ventricular tachycardia after myocardial infarction. A critical determinant of whether propensity to ventricular tachycardia resolves over time is size of myocardial infarction.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association