Combined percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty and transluminal coronary angioplasty in adult patients with calcific aortic stenosis and coronary artery disease.
Of 120 consecutive balloon aortic valvuloplasty procedures for critical aortic stenosis, valvuloplasty was performed in combination with coronary angioplasty in nine patients (average age 76 years). All nine patients were symptomatic with angina and congestive heart failure before combined procedures. Aortic valvuloplasty was performed with 20 to 23 mm balloon catheter advanced retrogradely from the femoral artery and resulted in an improvement in peak aortic valve gradient (60 +/- 19 to 33 +/- 13 mm Hg; p less than or equal to .01) and calculated aortic valve area (0.7 +/- 0.1 to 1.1 +/- 0.3 cm2; p less than or equal to .01). Single-vessel coronary angioplasty was performed via the femoral approach, with 2.0 to 3.5 mm balloon catheters, and resulted in a mean reduction of a critical coronary stenosis in each patient from 91 +/- 4% to 29 +/- 8%. The site of coronary angioplasty was the left anterior descending artery in three patients, the circumflex artery in three patients, the right coronary artery in two patients, and a bypass graft to the right coronary artery in one patient. Combined procedures were performed with a mean arterial time of 108 min. Complications included groin hematomas (n = 2), transient left bundle branch block (n = 1), and transient atrial fibrillation (n = 1). No patient experienced prolonged chest pain, myocardial infarction, major increase in aortic insufficiency, or embolic phenomena. Eight of the nine patients treated with combined procedures noted significant improvement in symptoms of angina and congestive heart failure and were discharged.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association