Quantitative analysis of infarct size, contraction band necrosis, and coagulation necrosis in human autopsied hearts with acute myocardial infarction after treatment with selective intracoronary thrombolysis.
To assess the importance of contraction band necrosis (CBN) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with selective intracoronary thrombolysis, CBN, coagulation necrosis, and infarct size (expressed as CBN + coagulation necrosis) were analyzed quantitatively in 16 autopsied hearts. Intracoronary thrombolysis was performed from 2 to 6 hr after the onset of AMI, and the time from the onset of AMI to death was 7 to 168 hr. Cineangiography revealed no evidence of good collateral circulation in any of the patients. The 16 patients were classified into three groups: six patients with successful thrombolysis (100% to 99% stenosis, group I), five patients with unsuccessful thrombolysis (100% to 100%, group II), and five patients with 99% stenosis before thrombolysis (group III). Among the three groups, there were no significant differences in the time from the onset of AMI to thrombolysis, the time from the onset of AMI to death, the cause of death, or the degree of collateral circulation. The percentage of the risk area involved by the infarct in group I (82 +/- 6%) was similar to that in group II (80 +/- 11%). Infarct size was not reduced in group I because collateral circulation was not good and because the degree of recanalization after thrombolysis was 1%. However, the percentage of the infarct area with CBN was significantly higher in group I (20 +/- 9%) then in group II (3 +/- 3%). This finding shows that diffuse CBN occurred after reperfusion in patients with AMI treated with thrombolysis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association