Transseptal pressure gradient and diastolic ventricular septal motion in patients with mitral stenosis.
Previous studies from our laboratory have shown that the position of the ventricular septum relative to the two ventricles at end-diastole is determined by the instantaneous transseptal pressure gradient (TSG) defined as left ventricular minus simultaneous right ventricular pressure. Since patients with mitral stenosis often have exaggerated leftward (paradoxic) motion of the ventricular septum during early diastole, we studied seven patients with mitral stenosis undergoing cardiac catheterization to determine if position (and therefore motion) of the ventricular septum was determined by TSG throughout diastole. M Mode echocardiograms derived from a two-dimensional parasternal short-axis view were recorded with simultaneous micromanometer measurements of left ventricular and right ventricular pressures. Six of seven patients demonstrated abnormal early diastolic leftward motion of the ventricular septum in at least one cardiac cycle. TSG measured at intervals throughout diastole ranged from -2.5 to +20 mm Hg, with abnormal TSG observed in most of the 40 cardiac cycles selected for analysis. The intracardiac position of the ventricular septum, defined as the distance from the right ventricular epicardium (RVEpi) to the left surface of the ventricular septum normalized for total cardiac dimension (RVEpi-VS), was plotted against left ventricular pressure, right ventricular pressure, and TSG. Linear regression of pooled data from all patients (164 observations) demonstrated a highly significant correlation between the instantaneous TSG and the relative intracardiac position of the ventricular septum (RVEpi-VS = 1.52 TSG + 42.7; r = .79, p less than .0001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association