Effect of graded coronary flow reduction on ionic, electrical, and mechanical indexes of ischemia in the pig.
This study was performed to determine the relative sensitivities of ionic, electrical, and mechanical indexes of myocardial ischemia. We used ion-selective and bipolar plunge electrodes, epicardial unipolar electrodes, a suction electrode, and ultrasonic crystals to determine the changes in intramyocardial extracellular potassium ([K+]e) and extracellular pH (pHe), local activation, epicardial TQ-ST segment, monophasic action potential duration (MAPD), and regional contractility during graded coronary flow reduction in open-chest pigs. A carotid-to-coronary shunt was created to perfuse the left anterior descending coronary artery via a roller pump. The shunted coronary flow was reduced in a stepwise fashion at 5-min intervals. In 25 pigs, the approximate myocardial blood flow associated with the initial changes in each variable was as follows: midmyocardial [K+]e, pHe, and TQ-ST segment, 0.7 to 0.8 ml/min/g; subepicardial [K+]e and TQ-ST segment, 0.6 to 0.7 ml/min/g; segmental shortening, 0.5 to 0.6 ml/min/g; local activation and epicardial TQ-ST segment, 0.3 to 0.4 ml/min/g; epicardial MAPD, 0.15 to 0.2 ml/min/g. Our results indicate that changes in [K+]e, pHe, and TQ-ST segment provide the most sensitive means of detecting myocardial ischemia and of determining the effect of interventions capable of influencing the ischemic process.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association