Preservation of endothelial cell structure and function by intracoronary perfluorochemical in a canine preparation of reperfusion.
To determine the effect of intracoronary perfluorochemical on endothelial cell structure and function, 16 dogs were randomized to receive either low-dose (15 ml/kg) intracoronary perfluorochemical (Fluosol-DA) or saline after 90 min of proximal occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). The animals underwent reperfusion for 60 min with the introduction of perfluorochemical or saline 5 to 10 min after the onset of reperfusion. Endothelium-dependent coronary vasodilatory reserve was determined in vivo both at baseline and 1 hr after reperfusion by infusion of acetylcholine and then serotonin into the distal LAD bed in 12 animals (six in each group). Both agonists significantly increased regional flow measured by 133Xe washout in the two groups before occlusion, but at 1 hr after reperfusion only animals given perfluorochemical demonstrated a significant increase in flow. Vasodilatory reserve was assessed in vitro with cumulative dose-response curves to acetylcholine on LAD rings proximal and distal to the snare in all animals. These studies demonstrated a significant reduction in endothelial cell-mediated relaxation of epicardial arterial segments in the ischemic segment of control but not treated animals. Light microscopy revealed the presence of neutrophils within vessels in the ischemic zones in control animals only. Electron microscopy showed capillary obstruction by endothelial cell protrusions and neutrophil and red cell plugging in control animals in the ischemic region but an intact endothelium and predominantly unobstructed capillaries in treated animals. These findings suggest that the structural and functional endothelial damage after reperfusion may be prevented by the administration of intracoronary perfluorochemical after the onset of reperfusion.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association