The relationship of afterload to ejection performance in chronic mitral regurgitation.
Simultaneous left ventricular micromanometry and biplane cineangiography were performed in nine control subjects (group 1), 14 patients with chronic mitral regurgitation and an ejection fraction of 57% or greater (group 2), and 13 patients with mitral regurgitation and an ejection fraction of less than 57% (group 3). End-diastolic volume index was increased in both groups with mitral regurgitation (p less than .001) compared with the control group. Left ventricular end-diastolic wall thickness did not differ among the three groups, but the left ventricular muscle mass index was greater in both groups with mitral regurgitation than in controls (p less than .001). End-diastolic pressure was elevated in both groups 2 and 3 compared with group 1 (p less than .05), but peak systolic, mean systolic, and incisural pressure were not different among the three groups. End-diastolic stress was larger in groups 2 and 3 than in group 1 (p less than .05). Muscle fiber stretch was greater in group 2 than in the control group (p less than .05) but was not different between the controls and group 3. End-systolic stress, determined as the circumferential stress at aortic valve closure, at the maximal pressure/volume ratio, or using a nonsimultaneous method, was larger in group 3 than in groups 1 and 2. Mean systolic stress was evaluated from aortic valve opening to aortic valve closure in all patients; mean stress from end-diastole to aortic valve closure and from end-diastole to minimum volume was assessed in mitral regurgitation alone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association