Inhomogenous capillary flow and its prevention by verapamil and hydralazine in the cardiomyopathic Syrian hamster.
There is clinical evidence that human dilated cardiomyopathy is related to microcirculatory disorders. We used an experimental preparation of the disease that consisted of a study of the microcirculation of 45 cardiomyopathic Syrian and 18 control hamsters with timed plasma staining. To investigate dynamic vascular disorders a double injection technique was used that permitted demonstration of all permanently and temporarily perfused capillaries in the same animal. The results showed a total capillary density of 3423 +/- 470 capillaries/mm2 in the cardiomyopathic hamster during the premyocytolic phase (30 days of age) and that of 3289 +/- 506 capillaries/mm2 during the myocytolytic phase (44 days). These values were not significantly different from those in the control group (3349 +/- 473 capillaries/mm2 at 30 days and 3383 +/- 556 capillaries/mm2 at 44 days). However, tissue areas with extended coronary transit times were detected only in the cardiomyopathic hamsters. These areas were of the same individual and cumulative size at 30 days (diameter approximately 200 micron, 4% of the tissue) as the myocytolytic zones at 44 days. In cardiomyopathic hamsters verapamil and hydralazine prevented both hypoperfusion and myocytolysis. The results favor the view that microcirculatory disorders generate tissue damage in the cardiomyopathic hamster and that these disorders can be prevented through treatment with the calcium antagonist verapamil or with the vasodilator hydralazine.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association