Clinical application of atrial natriuretic polypeptide in patients with congestive heart failure: beneficial effects on left ventricular function.
Synthetic alpha-human atrial natriuretic polypeptide was infused in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) (New York Heart Association class III or IV) and in those without CHF. The infusion of atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) at a rate of 0.1 microgram/kg/min significantly decreased pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and increased stroke volume index in all of the patients with CHF, whereas it decreased pulmonary capillary wedge pressure but caused no significant change in stroke volume index in the patients without CHF. Concomitant significant reductions in total systemic resistance were observed in both groups of patients. The ANP infusion significantly increased the urine volume, the excretion of sodium, and endogenous creatinine clearance in the patients without CHF. In the patients with CHF, it also showed a tendency to increase all these variables, but the urine volume did not correlate with the reduction in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. The ANP infusion also decreased plasma aldosterone concentrations in these patients, although no significant difference was observed in the decrement of the plasma aldosterone concentration in the patients with and those without CHF. These findings indicate that the ANP infusion improves left ventricular function in patients with CHF, and suggest that this improvement results mainly from the vasodilating activity of ANP.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association