Diastolic function in patients with severe heart failure: comparison of the effects of enoximone and nitroprusside.
To assess whether the phosphodiesterase inhibitor enoximone has a specific, direct effect on left ventricular diastolic function distinct from its inotropic and vasodilator actions, we compared the effects of enoximone and the pure vasodilator nitroprusside in 11 patients with severe heart failure. Mean (+/- SEM) left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.20 +/- 0.03. Simultaneous left ventricular pressure and radionuclide angiographic volume were obtained at baseline, during infusion of nitroprusside, and after intravenous administration of enoximone. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and volume (LVEDV) decreased with both agents (p less than .01 vs control); LVEDP was lower for nitroprusside than for enoximone (p less than .01) despite a similar LVEDV. Nitroprusside decreased the time constant of exponential left ventricular pressure decay, TL (measured by the logarithmic method), from 84 +/- 10 to 65 +/- 8 msec (p less than .01) but had no significant effect on TD (measured by the derivative method), maximum negative dP/dt, or the peak rate of early diastolic filling. Enoximone shortened TL from 86 +/- 12 to 61 +/- 9 msec (p less than .01) and increased maximum negative dP/dt from 897 +/- 101 to 1135 +/- 134 mm Hg/sec (p less than .01) but did not affect TD or the peak filling rate. The left ventricular diastolic pressure-volume relation was shifted downward in only three of 11 patients on nitroprusside and three of 11 patients on enoximone, and these shifts were attenuated by adjusting for simultaneous changes in right atrial pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association