Hemodynamically important right ventricular infarction: follow-up evaluation of right ventricular systolic function at rest and during exercise with radionuclide ventriculography and respiratory gas exchange.
The prognosis and recovery of right ventricular systolic function in patients with hemodynamically documented right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI) is unclear. Therefore 27 patients who met hemodynamic criteria for RVMI were followed for at least 1 year. Four patients died within 1 year and 23 survived. Postmortem examination performed in three of the four patients showed extensive infarction of the right and left ventricles. Survivors underwent early and late follow-up resting radionuclide ventriculograms and late exercise studies. During long-term follow-up (1 to 4 years) resting radionuclide ventriculography demonstrated a significant improvement in right ventricular ejection fraction (30 +/- 7% to 43 +/- 8%; p less than .001) and right ventricular wall motion index (2.2 +/- 0.4 to 1.5 +/- 0.5; p less than .001) in 18 patients who survived longer than 1 year. Fourteen of these patients underwent upright bicycle exercise while off beta-blocking drugs and peak radionuclide ejection fraction was acquired after anaerobic threshold was achieved. Right ventricular ejection fraction increased significantly from 41 +/- 10% to 47 +/- 12% (p less than .001), as did the left ventricular ejection fraction (55 +/- 15% to 60 +/- 12%; p less than .05). The direction and magnitude of change of the right ventricular ejection fraction correlated significantly with the left ventricular ejection fraction (r = .82, p less than .02). Deviations from this correlation occurred in patients who had a decreased forced expiratory volume in 1 sec and an abnormal ventilatory reserve during exercise.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association