Coronary wedge pressure in relation to spontaneously visible and recruitable collaterals.
Coronary angiography demonstrates only collateral arteries that are already in use (spontaneously visible collaterals). Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) provides an opportunity to uncover collaterals ready to become functional in case of occlusion of the recipient artery (recruitable collaterals). The incidence of recruitable collaterals and their relation to the distal pressure in the occluded artery (coronary wedge pressure) during a 30 sec or longer balloon occlusion was assessed in 57 coronary arteries of 49 patients undergoing PTCA for a proximal coronary stenosis or occlusion. Collateral to 75% of the arteries were present. Spontaneously visible collaterals were four times as frequent as recruitable collaterals. Coronary wedge pressure was significantly higher in arteries with spontaneously visible and recruitable collaterals (41 +/- 12 and 36 +/- 12 mm Hg, respectively) than in arteries without collaterals (18 +/- 4 mm Hg). A coronary wedge pressure of 30 mm Hg or higher was found exclusively in the presence of collaterals. Electrocardiographic changes during balloon occlusion were found more frequently with arteries without collaterals than with arteries with spontaneously visible or recruitable collaterals. Chest pain was more frequent in patients without collaterals or with recruitable collaterals than in those with spontaneously visible collaterals. Major in-hospital events occurred in three patients with collaterals, with a salutary influence of the collaterals in two. The coronary wedge pressure allows prediction of recruitable collaterals. Their clinical impact remains to be investigated in long-term studies on large patient populations.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association