Quantitative analysis of contraction band and coagulation necrosis after ischemia and reperfusion in the porcine heart.
To assess the importance of contraction band necrosis (CBN) in reperfusion, CBN, coagulation necrosis (CN), and infarct size, expressed as CBN + CN, were quantitatively analyzed in 25 porcine hearts without collateral circulation. The left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated for 20, 30, 60, and 120 min and then reperfused for 8 hr (groups 1 to 4, respectively). Five hearts were not reperfused (group 5). The areas of CBN and CN were traced at a magnification of X 100 under an inverted microscope and quantified with use of an image analyzer. There was no change in hemodynamics with either occlusion or reperfusion. Regional myocardial blood flow, measured by the generated hydrogen gas clearance method, decreased to almost zero after occlusion but recovered during reperfusion. Percent of risk area infarcted in groups 1 to 4 was 0 +/- 0%, 11 +/- 7%, 80 +/- 9%, and 96 +/- 2%, respectively, and the percent of risk area infarcted in group 4 was the same as that in hearts subjected to permanent occlusion (95 +/- 3%). The percent area of CBN was 100 +/- 0% in group 2, 68 +/- 11% in group 3, 2 +/- 1% in group 4, and 2 +/- 2% in group 5. In group 3, the inner third of the ischemic left ventricular wall showed CN and the middle and outer third CBN. These findings show that in pig hearts without collateral circulation, the transmural infarct, two-thirds of which is occupied by CBN, is evident even when reperfusion is achieved after 1 hr occlusion. Therefore, protection against CBN might reduce infarct size after reperfusion.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association