Percutaneous balloon valvotomy for patients with severe mitral stenosis.
Thirty-five patients with severe mitral stenosis underwent percutaneous mitral valvotomy (PMV). There were 29 female and six male patients (mean age 49 +/- 3 years, range 13 to 87). After transseptal left heart catheterization, PMV was performed with either a single- (20 patients) or double- (14 patients) balloon dilating catheter. Hemodynamic and left ventriculographic findings were evaluated before and after PMV. There was one death. Mitral regurgitation developed or increased in severity in 15 patients (43%). One patient developed complete heart block requiring a permanent pacemaker. PMV resulted in a significant decrease in mitral gradient from 18 +/- 1 to 7 +/- 1 mm Hg (p less than .0001) and a significant increase in both cardiac output from 3.9 +/- 0.2 to 4.6 +/- 0.2 liters/min (p less than .001) and in mitral valve area from 0.8 +/- 0.1 to 1.7 +/- 0.2 cm2 (p less than .0001) Effective balloon dilating diameter per square meter of body surface area correlated significantly with the decrease in mitral gradient but did not correlate with the degree of mitral regurgitation. There was no correlation of age, prior mitral commissurotomy or mitral calcification with hemodynamic results. PMV is an effective nonsurgical procedure for patients with mitral stenosis, including those with pliable valves, those with previous commissurotomy, and even those with mitral calcification.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association