Atrioventricular block in posterior acute myocardial infarction: a clinicopathologic correlation.
The specialized conducting systems of 44 hearts with posterior-inferior acute myocardial infarction were studied to clarify the anatomic basis of atrioventricular (AV) block. The results showed a lack of correlation between the block and the lesional pathology of the specialized conducting system. On the other hand, an evaluation of the atrial prenodal myocardium revealed strong clinicopathologic correlation between the block and the necrotic damage to these fibers. Twenty-nine or 97% of patients with AV block showed acute necrosis of the prenodal atrial myocardium. Considering the conducting prenodal septal atrial myocardium as a suprahisian structure, the necrosis at this level would provide an anatomic basis of the block in posterior-inferior acute myocardial infarction. Analysis of the behavior of the AV block after pharmacologic treatment further established a relationship between the block and acute lesions in the central conduction system.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association