Effects of intracoronary infusion of arterial blood or Fluosol-DA 20% on regional myocardial metabolism and function during brief coronary artery occlusions.
Effects of intracoronary infusion (50 ml/min) of arterial blood, oxygenated or unoxygenated Fluosol, or Plasmalyte A on hemodynamics, electrocardiogram, regional myocardial function, and lactate metabolism were studied in six closed-chest dogs during 2 min occlusions of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed by 10 min of reperfusion. Normal hemodynamics were maintained with infusion of arterial blood and oxygenated Fluosol, whereas unoxygenated Fluosol and Plasmalyte A resulted in hemodynamic deterioration similar to that noted with no treatment. Ischemic zone systolic fractional area change, an index of systolic function measured by two-dimensional echocardiography, remained normal during the occlusion supplemented with intracoronary arterial blood (49 +/- 7%), was moderately hypokinetic with oxygenated Fluosol (31 +/- 10%), and became severely hypokinetic with unoxygenated Fluosol (14 +/- 14%), with Plasmalyte A (2 +/- 13%), and in the absence of treatment (5 +/- 9%). Only infusion of arterial blood resulted in no ST segment elevation or lactate production. Thus intracoronary infusion of arterial blood during brief coronary occlusion maintained normal myocardial function and aerobic metabolism. Infusion of oxygenated Fluosol resulted in amelioration of the decline in regional function after coronary occlusion, but not complete protection.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association