Left ventricular geometry and function in adults with Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve.
We postulated that the abnormal shape, size, and function of the right heart and adjoining ventricular septum in adults with Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve might in turn alter the shape and function of the left ventricle. Seven adult patients with uncomplicated Ebstein's anomaly were studied. Left ventricular geometry was determined by two-dimensional echocardiography. Left ventricular function was assessed by treadmill exercise and radionuclide angiography at rest and with exercise. Paradoxic ventricular septal motion was consistently present. Left ventricular eccentricity (ratio of two minor axes in the short-axis view) was uniformly abnormal, averaging 1.35 +/- 0.23 (normal = 1.02 +/- 0.05). The ratio of right to left ventricular cavity size averaged 1.70 +/- 0.44 (normal 0.65 +/- 0.30), and tricuspid valve displacement into the right ventricular cavity averaged 52% (normal 8%). Functional right atrial size averaged 27.6 +/- 5.2 cm2 (normal right atrial area = 13.1 +/- 2.2 cm2). Resting left ventricular ejection fractions were below 50% in all but two patients. In response to Bruce protocol exercise stress, there were consistently appropriate increments in heart rate, blood pressure, and peak double product and, with one exception, radionuclide left ventricular ejection fraction. There were significant correlations between tricuspid valve displacement and functional right atrial size versus resting left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular eccentricity. These data support the hypothesis that derangements in right heart morphology and function in Ebstein's anomaly contribute to significant alterations in left ventricular geometry, but the geometric alterations are associated with tangible but less significant changes in left ventricular systolic function.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association