The association of postural changes in systolic blood pressure and mortality in persons with hypertension: the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program experience.
Participants in the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program (HDFP) were classified on the basis of baseline standing minus sitting systolic blood pressure into four groups (less than or equal to -20 [group 1], -19 to 0 [group 2], 1 to 20 [group 3], and greater than 20 mm Hg [group 4]) to study 5 year mortality. Group 1, 3.3% of the total, contained those participants who had postural hypotension. The 5 year total and age-adjusted mortality rates for these groups were significantly different (p less than .04), with group 1 having the highest rates. To account for the possible confounding effects of certain baseline risk factors--age, sex, race, prior antihypertensive treatment, randomization group, diabetes, end-organ damage, sitting diastolic and systolic blood pressures, pulse, hematocrit, smoking status, and relative weight (percent of ideal weight)--in assessing group differences in mortality rates, a multiple logistic model was used. Relative weight proved to be a confounding factor for the association of drop in postural systolic blood pressure with mortality. However, there is an interaction between history of diabetes and postural change in systolic blood pressure. Thus, postural hypotension may indicate a poor prognosis in diabetic hypertensive patients.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association