Comparative electrophysiologic effects of intravenous amiodarone and desethylamiodarone in dogs: evidence for clinically relevant activity of the metabolite.
It has been suggested that some of the effects of long-term amiodarone therapy may be due to accumulation of a metabolite, desethylamiodarone. To evaluate the pharmacologic actions of the metabolite, we gave single intravenous doses (10 or 25 mg/kg) of amiodarone or desethylamiodarone to anesthetized dogs. The resulting plasma and myocardial concentrations of both agents were similar to levels achieved with long-term oral amiodarone therapy in man. Amiodarone and desethylamiodarone produced frequency-dependent slowing in ventricular and atrioventricular nodal conduction and increased atrial and ventricular refractory periods. The relative effects of these agents on fast- and slow-channel tissues differed, with amiodarone producing significantly greater prolongation of Wenckebach cycle length and desethylamiodarone producing larger increases in QRS duration, atrial refractory period, and ventricular refractory period. We conclude that desethylamiodarone has substantial electrophysiologic effects at clinically relevant concentrations and has relatively greater effect on fast-channel tissue in vivo than does amiodarone. The accumulation of desethylamiodarone probably accounts for some of the delayed electrophysiologic effects in patients receiving long-term treatment with amiodarone.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association