Single-chamber cardiac pacing with activity-initiated chronotropic response: evaluation by cardiopulmonary exercise testing.
In this study, sequential cardiopulmonary exercise testing was used to assess the physiologic benefits of a single-chamber ventricular pacing system that utilizes a piezoceramic sensor to adjust heart rate by detecting "physical activity." An initial exercise test was conducted with the pacemaker programmed (based on a randomization table) to either the fixed rate (VVI, 70 beats/min) or rate-variable (VVI-Act) mode, and the results were compared with those obtained during a second exercise test in which the pacemaker was programmed to the alternate pacing mode. A 1.5 to 2 hr rest period was permitted between exercise tests, each of which consisted of a symptom-limited constant speed (3.0 mph) Balke protocol with 2 min stages commencing at 0.0% grade with increments of 2.5% at end of each stage. Compared with findings during fixed-rate VVI pacing, VVI-Act pacing was associated with greater exercise-induced positive chronotropic response (mean maximum heart rate VVI-Act 128 +/- 15.3 beats/min vs VVI 90 +/- 28.4 beats/min; p less than .01), prolongation of exercise duration (VVI-Act 10.2 +/- 3.8 min vs VVI 7.7 +/- 2.5 min; p less than .01), increased peak oxygen consumption (VVI-Act 1617 +/- 656 ml O2/min vs VVI 1325 +/- 451 ml O2/min; p less than .01), and onset of anaerobic threshold at a higher oxygen consumption (VVI-Act 1208 +/- 343 ml O2/min vs VVI 1064 +/- 377 ml O2/min: p less than .01). Additionally, of 44 comparable exercise stages tested in the two pacing modes, perceived exertion (assessed by a numerical grading system) was lower in 38 of 44 instances during VVI-Act compared with VVI pacing.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association